The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania. / Manongi, Rachel N; Rogathi, Jane Januarius; Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod; Mushi, Declare L; Rasch, Vibeke; Gammeltoft, Tine; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Manongi, RN, Rogathi, JJ, Sigalla, GN, Mushi, DL, Rasch, V, Gammeltoft, T & Meyrowitsch, DW 2020, 'The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania', Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517724256

APA

Manongi, R. N., Rogathi, J. J., Sigalla, G. N., Mushi, D. L., Rasch, V., Gammeltoft, T., & Meyrowitsch, D. W. (2020). The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517724256

Vancouver

Manongi RN, Rogathi JJ, Sigalla GN, Mushi DL, Rasch V, Gammeltoft T et al. The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260517724256

Author

Manongi, Rachel N ; Rogathi, Jane Januarius ; Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod ; Mushi, Declare L ; Rasch, Vibeke ; Gammeltoft, Tine ; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf. / The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania. In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2020.

Bibtex

@article{cb7b932b277e47b3b4487835e3da59f5,
title = "The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania",
abstract = "Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women is common with severe health consequences to women and their babies. The aim of the present study is to measure the association between IPV and signs of depression among pregnant women attending antenatal care in a semi-urban setting in northern Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1, 2014, to May 30, 2015, among pregnant women attending routine antenatal care in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. During their third trimester, self-reported exposure to IPV was assessed using a validated structured questionnaire adopted from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence. Signs of depression were assessed using Edinburg Postpartum Depression Scale. A total of 1,116 pregnant women were included in the analysis. A total number of 433 (38.8{\%}) reported to be exposed to at least one type of violence during their pregnancy, and 128 (11.5{\%}) presented with signs of depression. The most common type of violence experienced was emotional violence (30.7{\%}), followed by sexual violence (19.0{\%}) and physical violence (10.0{\%}). Exposure to at least one type of violence was the strongest predictor for depression (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 5.06; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = [3.25, 7.86]), followed by women who reported their primary source of emotional support was individuals not related to their family as compared with support obtained from their male partner/husband (AOR = 2.25; 95{\%} CI = [1.26, 4.02]). Positive HIV/AIDS status (AOR = 2.27; 95{\%} CI = [1.01, 5.14]) and previous history of depression (AOR = 1.62; 95{\%} CI = [1.00, 2.64]). After adjusting for other predictors and types of violence, physical violence was the strongest predictor for signs of depression (AOR = 4.42; 95{\%} CI = [2.65, 7.37]). Signs of depression were commonly observed among pregnant women and strongly associated with exposure to any type of IPV. The present findings indicate an urgent need for screening depression and IPV to mitigate the adverse health outcomes related to both IPV and depression during pregnancy.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, battered women, domestic violence, mental health and violence, sexual harassment",
author = "Manongi, {Rachel N} and Rogathi, {Jane Januarius} and Sigalla, {Geofrey Nimrod} and Mushi, {Declare L} and Vibeke Rasch and Tine Gammeltoft and Meyrowitsch, {Dan Wolf}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1177/0886260517724256",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Association Between Intimate Partner Violence and Signs of Depression During Pregnancy in Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania

AU - Manongi, Rachel N

AU - Rogathi, Jane Januarius

AU - Sigalla, Geofrey Nimrod

AU - Mushi, Declare L

AU - Rasch, Vibeke

AU - Gammeltoft, Tine

AU - Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women is common with severe health consequences to women and their babies. The aim of the present study is to measure the association between IPV and signs of depression among pregnant women attending antenatal care in a semi-urban setting in northern Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1, 2014, to May 30, 2015, among pregnant women attending routine antenatal care in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. During their third trimester, self-reported exposure to IPV was assessed using a validated structured questionnaire adopted from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence. Signs of depression were assessed using Edinburg Postpartum Depression Scale. A total of 1,116 pregnant women were included in the analysis. A total number of 433 (38.8%) reported to be exposed to at least one type of violence during their pregnancy, and 128 (11.5%) presented with signs of depression. The most common type of violence experienced was emotional violence (30.7%), followed by sexual violence (19.0%) and physical violence (10.0%). Exposure to at least one type of violence was the strongest predictor for depression (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 5.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [3.25, 7.86]), followed by women who reported their primary source of emotional support was individuals not related to their family as compared with support obtained from their male partner/husband (AOR = 2.25; 95% CI = [1.26, 4.02]). Positive HIV/AIDS status (AOR = 2.27; 95% CI = [1.01, 5.14]) and previous history of depression (AOR = 1.62; 95% CI = [1.00, 2.64]). After adjusting for other predictors and types of violence, physical violence was the strongest predictor for signs of depression (AOR = 4.42; 95% CI = [2.65, 7.37]). Signs of depression were commonly observed among pregnant women and strongly associated with exposure to any type of IPV. The present findings indicate an urgent need for screening depression and IPV to mitigate the adverse health outcomes related to both IPV and depression during pregnancy.

AB - Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women is common with severe health consequences to women and their babies. The aim of the present study is to measure the association between IPV and signs of depression among pregnant women attending antenatal care in a semi-urban setting in northern Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1, 2014, to May 30, 2015, among pregnant women attending routine antenatal care in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. During their third trimester, self-reported exposure to IPV was assessed using a validated structured questionnaire adopted from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence. Signs of depression were assessed using Edinburg Postpartum Depression Scale. A total of 1,116 pregnant women were included in the analysis. A total number of 433 (38.8%) reported to be exposed to at least one type of violence during their pregnancy, and 128 (11.5%) presented with signs of depression. The most common type of violence experienced was emotional violence (30.7%), followed by sexual violence (19.0%) and physical violence (10.0%). Exposure to at least one type of violence was the strongest predictor for depression (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 5.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [3.25, 7.86]), followed by women who reported their primary source of emotional support was individuals not related to their family as compared with support obtained from their male partner/husband (AOR = 2.25; 95% CI = [1.26, 4.02]). Positive HIV/AIDS status (AOR = 2.27; 95% CI = [1.01, 5.14]) and previous history of depression (AOR = 1.62; 95% CI = [1.00, 2.64]). After adjusting for other predictors and types of violence, physical violence was the strongest predictor for signs of depression (AOR = 4.42; 95% CI = [2.65, 7.37]). Signs of depression were commonly observed among pregnant women and strongly associated with exposure to any type of IPV. The present findings indicate an urgent need for screening depression and IPV to mitigate the adverse health outcomes related to both IPV and depression during pregnancy.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - battered women

KW - domestic violence

KW - mental health and violence

KW - sexual harassment

U2 - 10.1177/0886260517724256

DO - 10.1177/0886260517724256

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29294866

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

ER -

ID: 193532038